Homeinfo library Your restaurant project: Permit processing stage

Your restaurant project: Permit processing stage

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permit processing service

Now that you have a proposed layout and know that the project is financial feasible, the next step is to apply for all permits required before construction can take place.

It’s essential to ensure that the professionals you are hiring for the permit drawings are properly licensed and are providing all items as listed to avoid change orders and other hidden fees.

Whether you are building a restaurant from scratch or modifying an existing restaurant, it’s important to obtain both health and building permits to ensure that your new layout is meeting all the minimum requirements and to avoid fines, delayed openings and shut down orders.

What you need to know…

Health department requirements:

By Kitchen Designer, Interior Designer or Architect
1. Vicinity map to show location of restaurant
2. Existing floor plan vs Proposed floor plan
3. Equipment floor plan with manufacturer names and model number
4. Health department notes for proper equipment installation methods
5. Reflected ceiling plan and lighting schedule ( to check minimum level of luminance is available above food preparation and cooking area)
6. Millwork detail (to ensure the counter is properly finished with the right material)
7. Finish Plans and finish schedule (To show whether the walls, ceiling and floor are properly finished with the right material)
8. Restroom details (To see if the restroom is finished with the right material)
By hood contractor or MEP (Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing) engineers
9. Hood calculation work sheet (For new hood only)
10. Hot water demand calculation and water heater specification (For new restaurant only)

Building Department Requirements:

By Certified Interior designer or Architect
1. Cover page with site plan, vicinity map, Occupant Load Factor Chart and other Project Data
2. Site specific ADA parking plan, parking details, and other ADA details
3. Existing floor plan vs equipment floor plan
4. Equipment floor plan and equipment schedule
5. Door and hardware schedule
6. Health, Building and fire department notes
7. Partition plan
8. Partition details
9. Cashier Counter Section
10. Reflected ceiling plan/ lighting schedule
11. Wall, Ceiling and Floor finish plans and finish schedule
12. Restroom details
By Licensed Structural Engineer Some cities such as San Jose, San Ramon and Palo Alto will require:
13. Roof framing plan
14. Mechanical curb detail
15. Structural Calculations for new roof top units
By licensed MEP (Mechanical Electrical and Plumbing) engineer
16. Plumbing floor plan (Waste and Vent)
17. Plumbing floor plan (Hot and Cold Water and Gas)
18. Plumbing connection details
19. Grease interceptor detail and calculation
20. Electrical lighting and power plan
21. Electrical single line diagram
22. Electrical Title 24 calculations
23. Mechanical floor plan / Roof Plan
24. Mechanical calculations and connection details
25. Hood details and calculations

When are health and building permits required?

When you are building a restaurant at an empty space / warm shell space, vanilla shell space, or any other retail space where it was never a restaurant before.

Why do you need these permits? Because:

  • You would want to make sure your proposed layout and construction designs are up to health, building and fire codes before building the project.
  • Not only are you required to obtain these permits, you are also required to build the restaurant according to the approved plans and pass all inspections before receiving the certificate of occupancy that will let you open your doors to the public.
Vacant restaurant: where it was a restaurant before, with existing electrical connections and plumbing hook ups, but with left over equipment, hood, or no equipment at all.

Why do you need these permits? Because:

  • When you bring in the missing equipment and sinks, you will need to ensure that the new placement is up to health and building code before putting everything back together.
  • There are times when you need to add a few plumbing and electrical connections which will require building permits.
  • If you are adding a new counter, you will also have to make sure that the new counter is up to the most current ADA codes.
Existing restaurant where you would like to modify the existing layout.

Why do you need these permits? Because:

  • You want to make sure that you are not relocating the sinks so that they are now too far away from each other.
  • You want to make certain that you are not removing anything that was required to be in place.
  • You want to ensure your modifications are not downgrading the current conditions and make them less code compliant. Although existing restaurants are not required to be fully code compliant, it is still against the code to worsen the situation by down grading the existing features. For instance, code prohibits anyone to build a new restroom that is not ADA compliant, although it was not required for this restaurant to have an ADA restroom. Even if you consider yourself as “relocating” an existing restroom, it is still not ok to build a new restroom that is not code compliant.

When are fire sprinkler and fire alarm permits required?

Whenever you are modifying an empty space, warm or vanilla shell space where an existing sprinkler and fire alarm system is already in place. This occurs to newer buildings where you can visually see the sprinkler heads in position. Often times restaurants are not required to have sprinklers unless they are over 5000 ft or has an occupant load of 100 or more. However, whenever there is an existing sprinkler system and you are modifying the layout, you are required to modify the sprinkler system as well to accommodate the new layout, which will also have to be linked properly to the fire alarm system.

Fire alarm permit requirement:

By licensed fire alarm contractors
Floor Plan
Ceiling height and detail information
One line diagram
Battery Calculation
Load Calculations for each zone
Wiring diagrams for all components
Graphic Zone Map
All symbols used on the fire alarm system plan shall be from NFPA 170, where applicable.
All plans shall be drawn to scale with a minimum font size of 1/8″ in height.

Fire alarm permit requirement:

By licensed Mechanical Engineer or Fire Sprinkler Company
All plans shall be drawn to scale and submitted on a minimum size of 18″ by 24″.
All symbols used on the fire alarm system plan shall be from NFPA 170.
All installations shall meet the International Fire Code as amended.
Cut sheets required for all equipment
Fire Suppression or detection systems plans shall require at least a NICET III or a P.E. (Professional Engineer) stamp. In addition, sprinkler plans shall have the State of Colorado, Division of Fire Safety, “Plan Registration Form.”
Standpipe-1 1/2″ couplings shall be iron pipe thread. 2 1/2″ couplings shall be National Standard thread.
All standpipes should have a 2 1/2″ outlet with an 1 1/2″ reducer.

When is an ANSUL permit required?

When you are:
1. Having a new exhaust hood system
2. Modifying the equipment placement under the hood
What is ANSUL system?
An ANSUL system is an automatic fire suppression system installed under the hood that sprays refrigerants and chemicals to the cooking equipment when reacting to a fire.
Who to hire for the ANSUL permit?
Any licensed fire Protection Company that installs the ANSUL system. This permit can be applied for and obtained during the construction stage. This will not interfere with your building permit. However, you won’t be able to pass the final building inspection without a properly installed ANSUL system.
Posted on: 2012/03/16 at 5:39 PM
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Homeinfo library Your restaurant project: Permit processing stage